Revitol ™ Skin Brightener Cream is your safe, herbal-based solution for a beautiful, glowing complexion
Chemical for middle eastern skin - For Order Revitol Skin Brightner
Buy Revitol Skin Brightner Chemical for middle eastern skin -
Your skin is your largest organ responsible for protecting your body from a variety of outside forces, but it is also the most visible part of you, and is susceptible to environmental, physical and hormonal conditions which can make your skin tone appear blotchy and uneven.
You may want to use non-toxic, natural products on your skin to keep it healthy and vibrant, but there are lots of choices out there how can you be sure which one is best for your skin?
Revitol Skin Brightener Cream uses safe, plant-based ingredients to help reduce the appearance of freckles, liver-spots, and uneven pigmentation areas while keeping your skin soft and supple with natural emollients, moisturizers and skin-nourishing vitamins. It's a great way to lighten and brighten the appearance of those trouble spots safely with nature's finest ingredients.
Contains no mercury or other harmful ingrdedients
The active ingredients in Revitol Skin Brightener Cream lighten the appearance of skin and promote a healthy, balanced-looking complexion. We use natural ingredients such as:
Extracted from the bearberry plant, and also found in wheat and pear skins,
Arbutin helps reduce the appearance of dark areas.
Lumiskin: Also known as Diacetyl Boldine, inhibits Tryosinase to help lighten the appearance of the skin and promote more evenlooking skin tone.
Shea Butter: Derived from the nut of the Karite Nut tree (mangifolia), Shea butter has been used by African women for centuries for both cooking and for its healing properties in skin care. It contains natural sun protectants and emollients, and is used in many moisturizers, soaps and skin creams to firm and tighten skin.
Evening Primrose Oil: Used as a food and natural medicine throughout history, Primrose is effective in skin care to help alleviate dry skin.
Allantoin: A botanical extract of the comfrey plant, Allantoin is a natural-identical, non-toxic moisturizer that promotes the health of the outer dermal layer.
Grapefruit Seed Extract: Used as a preservative, this extract isa natural antioxidant.
Vitamins A, C and E: Because it has a fundamental role in the control of normal skin cell activity, Vitamin A is very important to healthy skin, and adding the antioxidant vitamins C and E gives this important skin nutrient extra support (for a complete list of ingredients, view our ingredients page).
Read what these health-conscious customers are saying about Revitol Skin Brightener Cream:
"I tried to
brighten the appearance of my skin before, but the product I used gave me a horrible rash. I didn't think I'd ever try again. I found out that Revitol Skin Brightener has Arbutin
and lots of other great ingredients, so I figured this time I'd be safe, and I
was. Plus my skin is lighter and so pretty and healthy-looking! I never looked
this good before! H.M., New York, NY
"I wanted a fairer looking complexion, but I try to take good care of myself and just use what's natural. When I saw that Revitol Skin Brightener has Arbutin,
which is a natural ingredient, I figured it was time to go for it. I'm so glad I
did! I got just what I wanted, with absolutely beautiful skin!" B.V., Little Rock, AR
"I always wanted lighter, healthier-looking skin, but I was afraid to do
anything about it because I heard that a lot of products have ingredients that
can make your skin worse than before. When I saw that Revitol Skin Brightener
uses natural ingredients, I decided to take a chance. Now, after just a few
weeks, my skin appears lighter, and it looks wonderful!" T.J., Los Angeles, CA
*Results will vary
90 Day Money Back Guarantee.
We take great pride in the superior quality of our products and want you to be pleased with your purchase. We believe in offering the very best value, quality
and selection to our customers. You may return any unused and unopened item purchased from us for any reason within Ninety (90) days of your purchase.
All the links and descriptions on this page are taken from public sources such as search engines (google.com, yahoo.com, bing.com). However, if you think any data on this page violates your copyright, please send an message from "Contact Us" page and the links and descriptions of full page will be removed.
SENSOTYL Skin Irritations Treatment | Middle East Chemicals (http://en.riaddaoud.com/index.php%3Fview%3Dproduct% 26product_id%3D43) Sensotyl ointment is indicated in case of skin irritations particularly for diaper rash (red buttocks) in infants, superficial burns, sunburn, non infected skin lesions.
Kurdish Politics in the Middle East - Google Books Result (http://books.google.com/books?id=1ig7vi3Oc9QC&p g=PA181&lpg=PA181&dq=chemical+for+middle+ea stern+skin&source=bl&ots=Kf_4IsdU5w&sig =MXzkG05vMFSDd6kRUxEwOVzHSq4&hl=en&sa=X& ;ei=baD1UfmCCoiTiQK3-YCoBQ&ved=0CGkQ6AEwFA) Their pattern of distribution on face, hands, neck and other exposed skin surfaces
was consistent with patients' histories of exposure to blistering chemical
Comments about this video:
There can be issues if you are not experienced and don't select the patient properly. With dilution methods this would be exceedingly rare. I have not seen toxicity with phenol Studies do show EKG changes with the original deep peel on the entire face if done a certain way. Just need to pay attention and monitor for deep peels. Laser on the other can cause severe burns on occasion, but again, related to settings, depth, and doctor experience. Each specialist will recommend his or her preference for skin resurfacing. I just happen to get the results I like with Chemical Peels and often combine them with Dermabrasive Treatments for acne scars and blotchy skin. There is a resurgence in popularity of peels since there are more choices in agents, methods, and general maintenance, and they do not require a lot of expensive technology which changes every six months and often are equivocal in benefit. I live in San Antonio, and I am thinking about doing this very soon. I have heard awesome stories in regards to Chemical resurfacing... Thanks.
Dr. Hickman knows what he is doing with chemical peels - Had a tear trough Phenol peel. Which over 8 years later has held up and is beautiful. When I went to him I didn't explain it all. So we had some miscommunication and I wanted More done. So when I called many years later for a simple cheek peel. He respectively declined to take me on as a patient. Said I was a perfectionist. Simple misunderstanding. I do recommend him for peels John Risden -Btw Still need cheek peel -call me. The fees for laser or any skin resurfacing are determined by the skin problempresenting, skin type,, number of treatments, and degree of followup care. I take it by your question at age 18 you may be wondering about this form of therapy. It is important to see a patient face to face and ask what it is that is bothersome and if the benefit to risk factors would lead to a recommendation of care. I have Small pock holes. I've done The TCA twice at 50% if not higher. But I really dont see much a difference, But dark marks are gone though. Do you think lasers will do a better job?
Thank you again. For darker complexions the healing from laser can be bit unpredictable and quite prolonged, but a dermabrasion plus TCA is in my experience, the most effective, for acne scars with the least side effects, and have using it in Latin, Asian, African, and middle eastern skin types. Some normal post sanding discoloration is to be expected for a number of weeks, but bleaching creams are prescribed. Do not expect complete smoothing, as it may require more than one session. Going to a dermatologist is kind of a waste of money. Websites offer peels with comparable results, some even BETTER than dermatologist's procedures. Check out my peel reviews. Thanks for your comments. The level of peel offered by over the counter and websites is salon level in depth and is used for the very superficial of skin problems. For deep scars, pigmentation, and harsh wrinkles, a physician-grade peel, laser, plasma energy, fractionated laser,and dermabrasion will always be more effective. A plastic surgeon ( this author ) and a Dermatologist may safely perform both superficial and deep skin resurfacing procedures.
Finding Acne Treatments That Are Right for Your Skin Type (http://www.facingacne.com/skin-type-test/) Take our skin type test to determine your skin type before you decide on an for a person who has naturally moist and chemical resistant skin may generate a (2) Mostly olive or brown skin tones (Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, South
Experts warn of 'epidemic' of skin allergies from chemical in (http://www.todayonline.com/daily-focus/health/exper ts-warn-epidemic-skin-allergies-chemical-consumer-p roducts) Jul 8, 2013 World > Middle East · At least 38 killed near pro Morsi rally in Egypt Experts warn of 'epidemic' of skin allergies from chemical in consumer
Facial Chemical Peels Orange County, Ca. - Dr. Nissan Pilest (http://totaldermatology.com/chemicalpeel.php%3Fsect ion%3Dchempeel) The concentration of TCA in the chemical peel is an important factor that alters the Skins with more pigmentation, such as Asian, Middle Eastern, Hispanic and
Startling Number of Nigerian Women Use Harmful Skin Bleaching (http://www.theblaze.com/stories/2013/04/04/startlin g-number-of-nigerian-women-use-harmful-skin-bleachi ng-products/) Apr 4, 2013 And we soon forget that Jesus was born in the Middle East and had darker skin than what he is portrayed as by the Roman Catholic Church for
Fullerton Dermatologist - Chemical Peels, Obagi Bleu Peel, Glycolic (http://www.premierederm.com/chemicalpeel-bluepeel-f ullerton.html) Are chemical peels safe for darker skin types like Asian and Latin skin? you have a darker skin type or are of Asian, Latin American or Middle Eastern descent,
Advice for those considering a chemical peel - ExpertBeacon (http://expertbeacon.com/advice-those-considering-ch emical-peel/) Most importantly, not all chemical peels are safe for all skin types. People of darker ethnic backgrounds, such as Asian, Middle Eastern, African American,
Skin therapist profiles | LinkedIn (http://www.linkedin.com/title/skin%2Btherapist/) Certification and continuing education PCA Skin Care, chemical peel, skin biology, Current: Regional Trainer at Rimmel, Coty middle east, Skin therapist at
Chemical Peels New York - Peel for Skin in NYC | Dr. Halaas (http://www.drhalaas.com/procedures/skin/chemical-pe els/) A chemical peel is a technique that sloughs off superficial dead layers of skin to make a less wrinkled and Middle Eastern Rhinoplasty · Indian Rhinoplasty.
Chemical Peel Abu Dhabi - Check Prices and Compare Reviews (http://www.whatclinic.com/facials-and-makeup/united -arab-emirates/abu-dhabi/chemical-peel) 3 days ago Chemical Peel. The Kaya Skin Clinic forms part of an international group of skin clinics. The group runs three clinics in the middle east, one in
Chemical Peel in Middle East - Health-Tourism.com (http://www.health-tourism.com/chemical-peel/middle- east-8/) Hospitals, clinics and medical centers in Middle East performing Chemical Peel. In a chemical peel, a solution is applied to the skin to remove layers of skin
BBC News - Syria unrest: UN probes 'chemical weapons' in Aleppo (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-2188529 8) Mar 21, 2013 The UN is to investigate the possible use of chemical weapons in an attack in Syria's Aleppo province, Secretary General Ban Middle East.
Henna - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henna) Henna has been used since antiquity to dye skin, hair, and fingernails, as well as the Horn of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, the Near East and South Asia. that may inhibit the dye, or even chemical dyes which are common allergens.
About Chemical Peels | SF Medica (http://www.sfmedica.co.uk/non-surgical-procedures/f ace-and-neck/chemical-peels) Chemical peeling is a very popular treatment for skin rejuvenation. Type V, Middle eastern, Latin, light skinned black, Asian, Minimally sensitive, Very rarely
Dangerous Beauty: 5 Scariest Beauty Products - Forbes (http://www.forbes.com/sites/melaniehaiken/2012/03/1 2/dangerous-beauty-top-5-contaminated-beauty-produc ts/) Mar 12, 2012 From mercury in skin creams to lead in lipsticks, heavy metals, bacteria, and Chemicals, heavy metals, bacteria, and other hazardous ingredients are or Middle Eastern market, and no American made brands or products.
the history chemical peels - Natural Skin Shop (http://www.naturalskinshop.com/chemical-peels/) But, do you really know everything about Chemical Peels? CHEMICAL PEELS SKIN SECTION Middle Eastern, Asia, some Hispanics and Afro American.
Spray Tan Risks: Dihydroxyacetone Chemical Could Damage DNA (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/06/13/-rspray-ta n-risks-dihydroxyacetone-chemical-dha-_n_1590623.ht ml) Jun 13, 2012 A chemical in spray tan could possibly alter and damage DNA, according to an I wonder what the rate of skin cancer is in the middle east.
Tangerine Skin - Our Expertise... CHEMICAL PEELS (http://tangerineskin.com/) Tangerine Skin...a corrective skin care destination where science meets in 27 different countries including the US, Europe, Switzerland & Middle East.
Chemical Peel Houston Texas | VI Peel Houston (http://www.drvitenas.com/vi-peel.html) The Chemical peel also stimulates new collagen underneath the skin. to other chemical peel procedures, such as Asian, African American, Middle Eastern or
PCA Chemical Peel - Facial Skin Chemical Peel in New York - Dr (http://www.drhalaas.com/procedures/skin/pca-chemica l-peels/) PCA facial skin chemical peels boost the effectiveness dead skin cells, which enables better absorption of Middle Eastern Rhinoplasty · Indian Rhinoplasty.
Common Pigmentation Disorders - American Family Physician (http://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0115/p109.html) Jan 15, 2009 Proper diagnosis of these common skin conditions will allow the in patients with skin types IV to VI (e.g., Asian, Middle Eastern, South American). (e.g., chemical peels, cryotherapy, laser therapy) or topical therapies (e.g.,
Discover Benefits Of Chemical Peels & Skin Peels At sk:n - sk:n clinics (https://www.sknclinics.co.uk/benefits-of-skin-peel) Refresh and rejuvenate your skin with a chemical peel at a sk:n clinic. penetrates the epidermis and the upper layer of the dermis, the middle layer of skin.
November 30, 2013. Time for a reality check on skin lightening creams - The Conversation (http://theconversation.com/time-for-a-reality-check -on-skin-lightening-creams-7770) 11 Sep 2012 on the west society's obsession with skin tanning is well recognised but we're often Advertisements for Fair and Lovely, a well-known Indian-made product, They may also contain chemicals that reduce the concentration of
December 1, 2013. Skin Care | Lipo Chemicals (http://www.lipochemicals.com/market-sectors/skin-ca re) Skin is the largest organ of the body, and also one of the most
December 2, 2013. Syria Believed to Have Vast Chemical Weapons Arsenal (http://www.voanews.com/content/syria-has-vast-chemi cal-weapons-arsenal/1746881.html) 10 Sep 2013 There are known chemical weapons sites in such on the west Syria cities as Homs, chemical burns and VX is the most toxic of all nerve agents, poisoning through the skin. Pakistan: Indian Polio Crackdown 'Unfortunate'.
December 3, 2013. The Encyclopedia of Middle East Wars: The United States in the... - Google Books Result (http://books.google.com/books?id=U05OvsOPeKMC&p g=PA274&lpg=PA274&dq=chemical+for+middle+ea stern+skin&source=bl&ots=61x4JQvhnK&sig =mZ7-FQCYGWwkJShIT__bhhKeRUc&hl=en&sa=X& ;ei=7PuwUsi3LYmV7AbD74HQCA&ved=0CLYBEOgBMB4) In the Middle East, the first modern large-scale use of lethal chemical agents Effects Severity Examples Blistering agents Burn skin and respiratory system Mild
December 4, 2013. Holistic Solutions for Chemical Protection | Health and Safety Middle (http://www.hsmemagazine.com/article.php%3Farticle_i d%3D733) Published in Health and Safety Middle East - The Middle East's ONLY This is not a rigorous treatise on chemical protection, but a broad overview, based In this article, we'll focus on personal protection for skin, eyes and respiratory system.
December 5, 2013. 'I treated people who had their skin melted' - Middle East - World (http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east /i-treated-people-who-had-their-skin-melted-327136. html) 15 Nov 2005 into large fires that continued to burn on the skin even after people dumpe. as Assad agrees Russian plan to surrender chemical weapons
December 6, 2013. Middle Eastern & Arab Skin Care Tips & Advice - YouTube (http://www.youtube.com/playlist%3Flist%3DPL03sHsKKi uGd-IIjq_pUq3fe9FA2xe9TF) Ethnic skin, particularly brown or dark Middle Eastern skin presents unique challenges These include: (1) benzoyl peroxide, (2) chemical peels, and (3) laser
December 7, 2013. Can climate conditions in the Middle East damage your skin (http://blog.arabhealthonline.com/can-climate-condit ions-damage-middle-eastern-skin/) 4 Oct 2012 Middle Eastern and Arab skin is known to be darker in pigmentation, performed on Middle Eastern and Arab patients is chemical peels, laser
December 8, 2013. 'Chemical' attack by Assad regime in Syria kills 1300 in 'massacre (http://www.news.com.au/world/chemical-attack-in-syr ia-kills-1300-the-opposition-says-of-the-damascus-r egime/story-fndir2ev-1226701659386) 22 Aug 2013 A Syrian girl in shock screams in Arabic "I am alive" following an attack in used chemical weapons in eastern Ghouta, on the outskirts of Damascus. Mustard gas would cause blistering of the skin and discoloration, while
December 9, 2013. Syria and Activists Trade Charges on Chemical Weapons (http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/20/world/middleeast/ syria-developments.html) 19 Mar 2013 The Syrian government said rebels fired chemical weapons in Aleppo; activists accused the Middle East in the photographs that they had suffered a chemical attack, like burns or skin discoloration or quarantine measures.
December 10, 2013. Postinflammatory Hyperpigmentation - National Center for (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2921758 /) PIH can have a significant psychosocial impact on skin-of-color patients treatments for PIH in skin of color, including topical depigmenting agents, chemical peels, and In fact, PIH is a particularly common sequela after acne in dark-skinned
December 11, 2013. Why Chemical Weapons Are Different - Ben W. Heineman Jr. - The (http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/20 13/09/why-chemical-weapons-are-different/279482/) 9 Sep 2013 Blistering skin, eye damage, and excruciating deaths were just some of the reasons The Middle East's Snowstorm, Viewed From Space the on the west and Eastern fronts that led to the prohibition on chemical and biological
December 12, 2013. Caring for Olive and Light Brown Skin - Skin Care for Your Skin Type (http://www.dailyglow.com/skin-complexions/olive-ski n.html) 15 Aug 2011 Learn more about caring for olive skin at Daily Glow. chemical peels, and microdermabrasion can be effective at fading the affected areas.
December 13, 2013. How your wrinkle cream could destroy your skin: Chemicals in (http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2359596/H ow-wrinkle-cream-destroy-skin-Chemicals-cosmetics-t rigger-severe-allergies.html) 10 Jul 2013 How your wrinkle cream could destroy your skin: The chemicals in cosmetics that Mrs Clark, a writer based in Eastbourne, East Sussex is far from alone. fire on the third floor of Renown Regional Medical Center in Reno,
December 14, 2013. Chemical Peels - Huntersville and Lake Norman. Visit Dr. Briggs (http://medspa-lkn.com/services/chemical-peels.php) We have Licensed Aestheticians on staff to help determine the best peel for your skin, whether caucasian, african american, asian, middle eastern, etc. We know
December 15, 2013. Chemical Peel Brown Skin Doctor Answers, Q&A, Tips - RealSelf (http://www.realself.com/chemical-peel/answers/brown -skin) I have olive brown skin color,but some areas of my skin are more darker than the others due to intense sun exposure,what chemical peels can i use to.
December 16, 2013. Acid throwing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acid_throwing) 4.3 Middle East; 4.4 Africa; 4.5 South America; 4.6 North America and Europe The acid can rapidly eat away skin, the layer of fat beneath the skin, and in some cases The chemical agents most commonly used to commit these attacks are
December 17, 2013. TCA Cross chemical peel - acne scars | Westside Dermatology (http://www.westderm.com.au/cosmetic-treatments/2/tc a-cross-chemical-peel) All skin types can be safely treated with TCA cross, however in darker skin types, such as Asian, Middle Eastern or Latino skin the risk of post treatment
December 18, 2013. BBC News - Syria's chemical weapons stockpile (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-2230770 5) 20 Sep 2013 An overview of the chemical weapons Syria is believed to possess and the of chemicals and delivery systems by Egypt before the 1973 Arab-Israeli war. People can be exposed through skin contact, eye contact or
March 11, 2014. Wacker Chemicals Middle East | Tel - +971 4 8832025, Dubai (http://www.yellowpages.ae/l-df-01-03-00030600-wacke r-chemicals-middle-east.html) Get complete information of Wacker Chemicals Middle Eastwith tel- +971 4 8832025, Building RA 08 ZC05, Jebel Ali Free Zone, Dubai at Yellowpages.ae.
March 12, 2014. Chemical disarmament pact tightens the noose around Assad's neck (http://www.haaretz.com/news/middle-east/.premium-1. 547314) 17 Sep 2013 It is likely that the foreign ministers will also discuss other topics that have to do with American and Russian interests outside the Middle East.
March 13, 2014. Syrian Rebels Smuggling Evidence of Attack - Middle East - News (http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/17 1229) 23 Aug 2013 Syrian activists say they are smuggling out tissue samples from victims of an alleged chemical attack to bring to UN inspectors.
March 14, 2014. Chemical peel Quotes | Times of India (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/Chemical-p eel/quotes/) Latest on Chemical peel : Chemical peel Quotes and News Quotes on The Times of India. SOURCE: Middle East North Africa Financial Network 2013-09-23 01: 56:00 Botox can start in your late 20s and this depends on your skin type.
March 15, 2014. Assad to destroy chemical weapons 'in a year' - Middle East - Al (http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2013/09/20 1391902218736482.html) 19 Sep 2013 Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has pledged to destroy his stockpile of chemical arms but said it would take one year to do so and will cost
March 16, 2014. Iraq & Afghanistan Burn Pit Chemical Exposure - Jon L. Gelman (http://www.gelmans.com/ReadingRoom/tabid/65/ctl/Art icleView/mid/372/articleId/507/Iraq-Afghanistan-Bur n-Pit-Chemical-Exposure-Cancer-Disease-Claims.aspx) 10 Mar 2014 Some of the chemicals were a very toxic carcinogens and are deadly. Allergy- like symptoms; Asthma; Breathing restrictions; Cancers (lung, brain, bone, skin) 32 Tumors and More: Middle East Veterans Getting Strange
March 17, 2014. Cosmetics & Skin Care | Middle East Chemicals (http://www.riaddaoud.com/index.php%3Fview%3Dcategor y%26path%3D45_47) Skin Health · Other Products. Cosmetics & Skin Care.
March 18, 2014. Germany to destroy Syria chemical arms at WWI-era site | Middle (http://www.mei.edu/content/germany-destroy-syria-ch emical-arms-wwi-era-site) 5 Mar 2014 "It attacks the skin and causes blisters and wounds, and it is strongly The Syrian opposition, along with the US, EU and Arab League, blamed
March 19, 2014. HowStuffWorks "TLC Is Key for Your Middle Eastern or Asian Skin" (http://health.howstuffworks.com/skin-care/informati on/skin-types/middle-eastern-or-asian-skin.htm) TLC is key for your middle eastern or Asian skin. Learn more about the keys for middle eastern or Asian skin from Discovery Health.
March 20, 2014. A Review of Acne in Ethnic Skin (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2921746 /) Dark-skinned patients can develop inflammatory papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts, Chemical peeling, like retinoids, in skin of color patients is another
March 21, 2014. The Encyclopedia of Middle East Wars: The United States in the... - Google Books Result (http://books.google.com/books?id=U05OvsOPeKMC&p g=PA274&lpg=PA274&dq=chemical+for+middle+ea stern+skin&source=bl&ots=61y2KTylkP&sig =cREi5ySy1aFY1ZVrMvSw1qwPNoE&hl=en&sa=X& ;ei=6xYtU_zNEOT00gXGtYDQDA&ved=0CHIQ6AEwDQ) In the Middle East, the first modern large-scale use of lethal chemical agents Effects Severity Examples Blistering agents Burn skin and respiratory system Mild
March 22, 2014. Turkey skin changes colour when exposed to new chemicals; used (http://www.news.com.au/technology/science/turkey-sk in-changes-colour-when-exposed-to-new-chemicals-use d-as-terror-alert/story-fnjwkt0b-1226807246568) 22 Jan 2014 THE flappy skin on the turkey's face and throat could help save human lives in a terror attack or a chemical spill - or maybe even from cancer.
April 23, 2015. May 08, 2015 - Daily Dose - HealthCentral.com - Trusted... (http://www.healthcentral.com/dailydose/) Syria intervention plan fueled by oil interests, not chemical weapon concern
April 24, 2015. AMEInfo (http://ameinfo.com/) Pearson Prentice Hall and our other respected imprints provide educational materials, technologies, assessments and related services across the secondary curriculum.
April 25, 2015. The Middle East Friendship Chart - Slate Magazine (http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_world_/2014/07/17/th e_middle_east_friendship_chart.html) Offers news, political commentary, blogs, live radio broadcasts, Middle East & Jewish World press coverage, videos & more. Also available in Hebrew and Russian.
April 26, 2015. Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. - Manufacturer of... (http://www.airproducts.com/) More women with advanced academic degrees are having babies, according to a new report from the Pew Research Center. Overall, the study found that the number of...
April 27, 2015. TOXNET (http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/) Dow Announces Actions to Streamline and Remove Stranded Costs In Advance of Dow Chlorine Products Transaction
April 28, 2015. International Programme on Chemical Safety INCHEM Database (http://inchem.org/) Daily commentary on political and military developments in the Middle East with an occasional look home at American politics.
April 29, 2015. Jpost.com - The Jerusalem Post newspaper's online edition (http://www.jpost.com/) Welcome to TOXNET Your resource for searching databases on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, environmental health, and toxic releases
April 30, 2015. Palestine Chronicle | Latest News, Palestine, Middle East... (http://www.palestinechronicle.com/) Concise International Chemical Assessment Documents (CICADs) Environmental Health Criteria (EHC) Monographs: Harmonization Project Publications: Health and Safety...
May 1, 2015. At chicken plants, chemicals blamed for health ailments... (http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/at-chicken-p lants-chemicals-blamed-for-health-ailments-are-pois ed-to-proliferate/2013/04/25/d2a65ec8-97b1-11e2-97c d-3d8c1afe4f0f_story.html) Daily news and events from Israel's leading English national broadsheet.
May 2, 2015. BBC News | MIDDLE EAST | Saudi police 'stopped' fire rescue (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/1874471.stm) Latest News, Palestine, Middle East, Commentary & Analysis... The Free Zone | Blog. May 7, 2015 Israeli Forces Shoot, Seriously Injure Palestinian near Nablus
May 3, 2015. Syria profile - Timeline - BBC News (http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-14703995) Inspections by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration at poultry plants show that at least five facilities had problems with chemicals the past...
May 4, 2015. White people - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_people) Saudi Arabia's religious police stopped schoolgirls from leaving a blazing building because they were not wearing correct Islamic dress, according to Saudi newspapers...
May 5, 2015. Middle East and North Africa in turmoil: Tracking the... (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/special/world/ middle-east-protests/) Ankara (Also known as Orta Dogu Teknik Universitesi [ODTU])
May 6, 2015. The Dow Chemical Company - Home (http://www.dow.com/) Anti-government protests are spreading rapidly through the Middle East and North Africa. Use this chart to keep up with all of the demonstrations, day by day.
May 7, 2015. Chemical warfare - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemical_warfare) The Dow Chemical Company is a leader in specialty chemicals delivering products and solutions to markets such as electronics, water, packaging, energy, and coatings.
May 8, 2015. Asia Times Online :: Middle East News, Iraq, Iran current... (http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Middle_East.html) Middle East and African world news headlines from the Financial Times, providers of the latest economic and political news from the Middle East, Africa and around the...
May 9, 2015. American Institute of Chemical Engineers - AIChE (http://www.aiche.org/) Asia Times Online. The Asia News Hub providing the latest news and analysis regarding economics, events and trends in business, economy and politics throughout Asia.
May 10, 2015. Middle East - International News - Iraq, Israel, Lebanon... (http://www.nytimes.com/pages/world/middleeast/index.html) Serving Chemical Engineers Who Serve the World. The AIChE Web is geared towards advancing the practice and theory of Chemical Engineering.
May 11, 2015. US forces 'used chemical weapons' during assault on city... (http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east /us-forces-used-chemical-weapons-during-assault-on- city-of-fallujah-514433.html) Find breaking news, world news and multimedia on the Middle East with news on Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, Iran, Kuwait, Syria, Saudi Arabia and Jordan.
May 21, 2015. Shaking Hands with Saddam Hussein - The National Security... (http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB82/) Syria intervention plan fueled by oil interests, not chemical weapon concern
May 22, 2015. The Middle East, explained in one (sort of terrifying... (http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2 013/08/26/the-middle-east-explained-in-one-sort-of- terrifying-chart/) For the interactive version, visit Slate.com on your desktop or tablet.
May 23, 2015. Juan Cole - Informed Comment: Thoughts on the Middle East... (http://www.juancole.com/) "Welcome to the Middle East and have a nice day."
May 24, 2015. News & Media | Dow - The Dow Chemical Company - Home (http://www.dow.com/en-us/news) English language daily newspaper covering local and regional news plus Islam, business and sports.
May 25, 2015. Middle East & Africa | Foreign Policy (http://foreignpolicy.com/channel/middle-east-africa /) Ankara (Also known as Orta Dogu Teknik Universitesi [ODTU])
May 26, 2015. Middle East & North Africa News - FT.com (http://www.ft.com/world/mideast) The Dow Chemical Company is a leader in specialty chemicals delivering products and solutions to markets such as electronics, water, packaging, energy, and coatings.
June 19, 2015. Prentice Hall Bridge page (http://www.phschool.com/) Find Jobs in Dubai UAE Saudi Arabia Oman Qatar Bahrain Kuwait
June 20, 2015. Your Skin - KidsHealth: Skin (http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/skin.html) Dramatic increases in infant mortality, cancer and leukaemia in the Iraqi city of Fallujah, which was bombarded by US Marines in 2004, exceed those reported by...
June 21, 2015. McGraw-Hill Education (http://www.mheducation.com/) Middle East business and financial news updated daily.
June 22, 2015. Jobs in Zain Group - Saudi Arabia - Mihnati.com (http://www.mihnati.com/EN) Welcome to TOXNET Your resource for searching databases on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, environmental health, and toxic releases
June 23, 2015. American Chemical Society (http://www.acs.org/) Saudi Arabia's religious police stopped schoolgirls from leaving a blazing building because they were not wearing correct Islamic dress, according to Saudi newspapers...
June 24, 2015. Daniel Pipes (http://www.danielpipes.org/) Mapa Professional produces gloves of all shapes, finished and materials throughout the world More than one million gloves are manufactured daily.
August 3, 2015. Dubai Jobs - Gulf Jobs - Middle East Careers... (http://careersingulf.com/) Pearson Prentice Hall and our other respected imprints provide educational materials, technologies, assessments and related services across the secondary curriculum.
August 4, 2015. Political Astrology, Middle East, Revolution, Ed Tamplin... (http://www.edtamplin.com/political%20astrology.htm) Welcome to TOXNET Your resource for searching databases on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, environmental health, and toxic releases
August 5, 2015. The Turbulent World of Middle East Soccer (http://mideastsoccer.blogspot.com/) Political Astrology. Mundane Nusings, Middle East, Revolution, World Predictions, Pluto in Capricorn, Uranus in Aries, Ed Tamplin, world predictions, astrology news...
August 6, 2015. ME Construction News | Latest Middle East industry news... (http://meconstructionnews.com/) Commentary and Analysis on Radical Islam and the Middle East, by Daniel Pipes
September 7, 2015. US Preparing for a Post-Israel Middle East? | Foreign... (http://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2012/08/28/us-p reparing-for-a-post-israel-middle-east/) Pearson Prentice Hall and our other respected imprints provide educational materials, technologies, assessments and related services across the secondary curriculum.
September 8, 2015. Skin whitening - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skin_whitening) Welcome to TOXNET Your resource for searching databases on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, environmental health, and toxic releases
September 9, 2015. Home | Arab News (http://www.arabnews.com/) Rapid access to internationally peer reviewed information on chemicals commonly used throughout the world, which may also occur as contaminants in the...
September 10, 2015. A SOLUTION for every hand that works - MAPA Professional (http://www.mapa-pro.com/) Saudi Arabia's religious police stopped schoolgirls from leaving a blazing building because they were not wearing correct Islamic dress, according to Saudi newspapers...
December 14, 2015. The Sick Middle East :: Daniel Pipes (http://www.danielpipes.org/13977/sick-middle-east) Questions about poison ivy, oak, and sumac poisoning, identification, home and commercial remedies.
December 15, 2015. Calixis Sector - Warhammer 40k - Wikia (http://warhammer40k.wikia.com/wiki/Calixis_Sector) For laser skin resurfacing and rejuvenation, Bala Cynwyd, Philadelphia, Main Line, PA patients trust the Eastern Cosmetic Surgery Institute.
December 16, 2015. Facts You Should Know about the Chemical Weapon Sarin (http://www.voanews.com/content/facts-you-should-kno w-about-the-chemical-weapon-sarin/1738126.html) The Congress will be attended by delegates from all over Middle East & Asia. Delegates will be specialists, general practitioners, researchers, and other allied...
December 17, 2015. The Eggplant Cancer Cure: A Treatment for Skin Cancer and... (http://www.amazon.com/The-Eggplant-Cancer-Cure-Trea tment/dp/1890572217) These two examples point to a larger conclusion: maladies run so deep in the Middle East (minus remarkable Israel) that outside powers cannot remedy them.
December 18, 2015. 100.most.important.chemical.compounds - SlideShare (http://www.slideshare.net/shaggy_e12/100mostimporta ntchemicalcompounds) The Eggplant Cancer Cure: A Treatment for Skin Cancer and New Hope for Other Cancers from Nature's Pharmacy [Bill E. Cham] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on...
December 19, 2015. Skin news, articles and information: (http://www.naturalnews.com/skin.html) The 100 Most Important Chemical Compounds: A Reference Guide Richard L. Myers GREENWOOD PRESS
December 20, 2015. Chemical Compound Outline (Part I) - WAYNE'S WORD (http://waynesword.palomar.edu/chemid1.htm) Natural remedies for acne: Vitamin B6, tea tree oil and zinc 6/16/2015 - Acne is a skin condition can be caused by a variety of nutritional deficiencies, as well as...
December 21, 2015. Islamic State Ordnance Shows Traces of Chemical Agents, U... (http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/12/world/middleeast/ ordnance-used-by-isis-shows-traces-of-chemical-agen ts.html) Chemical elements (below are listed alterations of plasma concentrations; see also alterations of urinary concentrations).
December 22, 2015. Chemical composition of everyday products~tqw~ darksiderg (http://www.slideshare.net/jiksindia/chemical-compos ition-of-everyday-productstqw-darksiderg) Major Types Of Chemical Compounds In Plants & Animals. Part I. Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins Nucleic Acids & Terpenes
December 23, 2015. Russia & Eastern Europe - Political Forum (http://www.politicalforum.com/russia-eastern-europe /) The United States has confirmed the presence of traces of sulfur mustard, a chemical warfare agent, on fragments of ordnance recently used by the Islamic...
December 24, 2015. IHS Chemical (http://chemical.ihs.com/nl/Public/2009/0909/0909.ht ml) Political topics specific to Russia or another Eastern European country / countries.
December 25, 2015. WHICH TYPE OF SKIN DO YOU HAVE? (http://www.melanomafoundation.com/pdf/Skin%20Types. pdf) Lots of new emoji designs Windows 10 emoji give new skin tones, middle finger and some sass. By John Callaham Monday, May 4, 2015 at 12:42 pm EDT
December 26, 2015. Middle Eastern/North African Cinema: Media Resources... (http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC/MidEastfilm.html) Type V: Dark brown skin, rarely burns, and tans prof usely to dark & Type VI: Deeply pigmented dark brown to black skin that never burns: Least sensitive to the UV light.
December 27, 2015. 7 Beauty Secrets To Steal From India, The Middle East, and... (http://www.byrdie.com/indian-middle-eastern-beauty- tips) Afghanistan Algeria/Morocco/Tunisia Egypt Iran/Iraq Israel/Palestine Lebanon Syria Tunisia Turkey. Bibliography of books about Middle Eastern cinema in the UC...
December 28, 2015. Chemical weapons in World War I - Wikipedia, the free... (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemical_weapons_in_W orld_War_I) Definition. Chemical warfare is different from the use of conventional weapons or nuclear weapons because the destructive effects of chemical weapons are not...
December 29, 2015. Chemical Wrinkle Removal Before and After Photos (http://www.robertkotlermd.com/before-and-after-phot os/chemical-wrinkle-removal/) Chemical weapons in World War I were primarily used to demoralize, injure, and kill entrenched defenders, against whom the indiscriminate and generally slow-moving or...
December 30, 2015. World's most obese nation? Kuwait (and the next four are... (http://www.nutraingredients.com/Suppliers2/World-s- most-obese-nation-Kuwait-and-the-next-four-are-Midd le-Eastern) View before and after photos from Dr. Kotler's previous Chemical Wrinkle Removal patients.
December 31, 2015. Arab Beauty Tips (with Pictures) | eHow (http://www.ehow.com/way_5515883_arab-beauty-tips.ht ml) Food Security Index update World's most obese nation? Kuwait (and the next four are Middle Eastern)
January 1, 2016. Middle Eastern Rhinoplasty Beverly Hills & Los Angeles... (http://www.ghavamiplasticsurgery.com/procedures/nos e/beverly-hills-middle-eastern-rhinoplasty/) Spas. Middle Eastern women believe in the power of rejuvenation and spas. They use steam rooms to purify the skin and natural mud masks to cleanse facial pores.
November 6, 2016. Koa Skin - Home (http://www.koaskin.com/) Food Chemical News is part of Agribusiness Intelligence, Agra is a trading division of Informa UK Limited, a company registered in England and Wales with company...
November 7, 2016. Respiratory disorders prevalent in the Middle East: Desert... (https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/11071 3102026.htm) One in 10 allergic to chemical found in some... a rash on the skin... made a harrowing trip to Europe and the Middle East to witness first...
November 8, 2016. East Oil, Japan East Oil Suppliers Directory on Alibaba.com (https://www.alibaba.com/countrysearch/JP/east-oil-s upplier.html) Middle Eastern Rhinoplasty;... PCA Chemical Peels... The Benefits of PCA Chemical Peels: Exfoliates dead skin...
November 9, 2016. Chemical Peel Brown Skin Doctor Answers, Q&A, Tips - RealSelf (https://www.realself.com/chemical-peel/answers/brow n-skin) Koa Skin: Home; Our Story; Treatments... chemical peeling and pigmentation... We have ample parking provided and given our high level of middle eastern clientele...
November 10, 2016. Asian Skin Treatment NYC, Asian Skin Dermatologist (http://www.michelegreenmd.com/asian-skin-treatments) An overview of the chemical weapons Syria is believed to... were used to attack Zamalka in Eastern Ghouta... on impact and rupture the skin...
November 11, 2016. HSME Magazine - Welcome | Health and Safety Middle East (http://www.hsmemagazine.com/) Asian Skin Treatments... chemical peels, cosmeceuticals, and skin therapies to treat darker skin types such as Asian... Middle Eastern and Latin American skin...
November 12, 2016. Middle East Natural & Organic Product Expo (http://naturalproductme.com/) TCA chemical peels can be an excellent method to treat... however in darker skin types, such as Asian, Middle Eastern or Latino skin the risk of post treatment...
November 13, 2016. TCA CROSS Chemical Peels for acne scars - Acne Specialists (http://acnespecialists.com.au/acne-scar-treatments/ tca-cross-chemical-peels-acne-scars) HSME magazine, Middle East & Africa's industrial personal protective equipment... Chemical Protection... Skin Protection Technology and Software
November 14, 2016. Skin Renewal Method by Bay Harbour Med Spa (http://www.skinrenewalmethod.com/) The Middle East Natural & Organic Expo (MENOPE)... MENOPE will be held on the 29th... Chemical free food has been shown to reduce disease and improve vitality.
November 15, 2016. Chemical Wrinkle Removal Before and After Photos (https://www.robertkotlermd.com/before-and-after-pho tos/chemical-wrinkle-removal/) Latest news from the Middle East and North Africa... Victims of Daesh chemical attacks... Middle East Monitor. About Us;
November 16, 2016. Euromonitor: skin care the key to unlocking Middle East market (http://www.cosmeticsdesign-europe.com/Market-Trends /Euromonitor-skin-care-the-key-to-unlocking-Middle- East-market) The VI Peel is a medium depth chemical peel that is composed of a unique blend of ingredients... VI Peel Houston, TX... Middle Eastern or Latino skin...
November 17, 2016. Syria's chemical weapons stockpile - BBC News (http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-22307705) As the Middle Eastern cosmetics market... skin care the key to unlocking Middle East... by signing an agreement with chemical manufacturer Huntsman to...
November 18, 2016. Henna - Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henna) Syria's chemical weapons... to-surface rockets were used to attack Zamalka in Eastern Ghouta on 21... would detonate on impact and rupture the skin...
November 19, 2016. Arab Beauty Tips | LEAFtv (https://www.leaf.tv/articles/arab-beauty-tips/)... unbroken henna leaves will not stain the skin. Henna will not stain... some Muslim women in the Middle East apply henna to their... and middle eastern...
November 20, 2016. Middle East - Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middle_East) Middle Eastern beauties can teach all... Sun exposure is one of the fastest ways to age skin... as well as anti-aging treatments such as restylane and chemical...
November 21, 2016. Middle Eastern & Arab Skin Care Tips & Advice - YouTube (http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL03sHsKKiuGd- IIjq_pUq3fe9FA2xe9TF) How to Treat a Demarcation Line and Dark Brown Pigmentation After a 20 Micron MLP on a Middle Eastern Skin Type Brown Color? The reason for my peel is a brown spot...
February 14, 2017. Procedures | Toronto, ON (http://www.revesse.ca/procedures) Chemical peels and brief cryotherapy are effective ablative treatments... Middle-Eastern skin types Very rarely... (e.g., Asian, Middle Eastern, South American). It...
February 15, 2017. Chemical in spice turmeric kickstarts cancer-killing... (http://newsroom.ucla.edu/releases/primary-component -of-turmeric-215286) An overview of the chemical weapons Syria is believed to... were used to attack Zamalka in Eastern Ghouta... on impact and rupture the skin...
February 16, 2017. mihairlounge (http://www.mihairlounge.com/#!) Your One Stop Site for Effective Chemical-Free Skin Care Products... Skin Renewal Method is the ideal skin care... Mediterranean, Asian & Middle Eastern skin...
February 17, 2017. Magdalen's Pure Skin Care - Chemical Peels, Vi Peel... (http://www.magdalenspureskincare.biz/chemical-peels) The Middle East Natural & Organic Expo (MENOPE)... MENOPE will be held on the 7th to 9th of November 2017 in the Dubai... Chemical free food has been shown to...
February 18, 2017. Middle East Natural Cosmetics Skin Care Perfume - UAE (http://www.mena-cosmetics.com/) Anti-Aging for Every Skin Tone... lighter skin types normally do well with chemical peels or targeted laser procedures to... Darker Skin (South Asian/Middle Eastern):
February 19, 2017. How To Treat Melasma On The Face | Skin Whitening News (http://skinwhiteningnews.org/how-to-treat-melasma-o n-the-face/) We at Middle East Natural Cosmetics ensure high quality... We believe it's time to pay more attention to the health of our skin... chemical dyes, talc, oils or...
February 20, 2017. Our Team | Southeastern Dermatology & Skin Cancer (https://www.southeasternskin.com/about/our-team) Middle Eastern Rhinoplasty; Deviated Septum (Septoplasty) Face Procedures. Chin Augmentation;... The chemical skin peel is the classic answer to aging and wrinkled skin.
February 21, 2017. Middle East Monitor - Official Site (https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/) The VI Peel is a medium depth chemical peel that is composed of a unique blend of ingredients... VI Peel Houston, TX... Middle Eastern or Latino skin...
February 22, 2017. What you need to know about peels - Synergie Skin (http://www.synergieskin.com/what-you-need-to-know-a bout-peels/) Middle Eastern women are well-known for their exotic beauty and elegance... Skin Protection... as well as anti-aging treatments such as restylane and chemical peels.
March 15, 2017. Dermatologists need special techniques and equipment to... (https://www.zawya.com/mena/en/story/WAM201310230830 51588/) Your One Stop Site for Effective Chemical-Free Skin Care... How Middle Eastern Women Can Treat Knee... Middle Eastern Skin Care, Skin Care Arab Women, Skin Care...
March 16, 2017. Healing Oils of Arabia | Herbal Educator Blog (http://herbaleducator.com/healing-oils-of-arabia/) Arabs and skin color General Questions... I've allways thought of people from the Middle East, as having darker skin than whites, but lighter than blacks...
March 17, 2017. Skin Lightening Advice for Middle Eastern and Arab Women... (http://www.skinrenewalmethod.com/skin-lightening-ad vice-middle-eastern-arab-women/) Get Expert Answers about IPL and Olive Skin from Doctors... I am middle eastern with light olive skin... I had a chemical peel while using retin a and it went...
March 18, 2017. Middle Eastern Skin Care | Skin Renewal Method by Bay... (http://www.skinrenewalmethod.com/category/middle-ea stern-skin-care/) Dermatologists need special techniques and equipment to treat Middle Eastern skin. 23... in the Middle East at... Chemical peels, surgical...
March 19, 2017. Skin Care Tips From Women in Italy, Africa, Middle East... (http://www.clear.ca/skin-care-around-world/) chemical ind. llc. material safety data sheet. comtech seal pu1. 1. identification of the substance / manufacturing company product name : comtech seal pu1
March 20, 2017. BASF targets skin care in the Middle East (http://www.cosmeticsdesign-europe.com/Market-Trends /BASF-targets-skin-care-in-the-Middle-East) Syria's chemical weapons stockpile... People can be exposed through skin contact... Middle East selected; US & Canada. US & Canada Home; UK.
March 21, 2017. In the Middle East, Get Rid of Chemical Weapons First... (https://www.armscontrol.org/act/2014_01-02/In-the-M iddle-East-Get-Rid-of-Chemical-Weapons-First) As the Middle Eastern cosmetics market... skin care the key to unlocking Middle East... by signing an agreement with chemical manufacturer Huntsman to...
March 22, 2017. BASF targets skin care in the Middle East (http://www.cosmeticsdesign-europe.com/Market-Trends /BASF-targets-skin-care-in-the-Middle-East) TLC Is Key for Your Middle Eastern or Asian Skin... If your skin looks light, but you have some Middle Eastern or Asian ancestry...
March 23, 2017. Skin Care Tips From Women in Italy, Africa, Middle East... (http://www.clear.ca/skin-care-around-world/) BASF targets skin care in the Middle East... (Istanbul Chemicals and Chemical Products Exporters). As ever, skin care is a big topic as always this year...
March 24, 2017. How to Apply Makeup for Middle Eastern Skin Tones: 8 Steps (http://www.wikihow.com/Apply-Makeup-for-Middle-East ern-Skin-Tones) Meet the Natural Middle Eastern Skin Care Brand That's Like Yoga in a Jar... Shiffa found success in its native Middle East, in Asia, in the UK...
March 25, 2017. Chemical Peel Middle Eastern Doctor Answers, Q&A, Tips... (https://www.realself.com/chemical-peel/answers/midd le-eastern)... particularly brown or dark Middle Eastern skin presents unique... benzoyl peroxide, (2) chemical... Vaginal & Tush Lightening Advice for Middle Aged...
March 26, 2017. Chemical Peel Pigmentation Doctor Answers, Q&A, Tips... (https://www.realself.com/chemical-peel/answers/pigm entation) Chemical Peel Overview What it is: A chemical peel is a skin resurfacing technique in which a chemical solution is applied to the face to remove the outer surface...